Carbon Monoxide Poisoning


General Reference (Normal) Human Values:

Electrolytes:
Calcium ..................... 8.4 - 10.0 mg/dl, 4.7 - 5.5 mEq/L
Chloride ..................... 98 - 109 mEq/L
Magnesium ................. 1.5 - 3.0 mEq/L
Potassium .................. 3.5 - 5.0 mEq/L
Phosphate (inorg.) ......... 0.54 - 0.87 mEq/L
Phosphorus .................... 1.0 - 1.5 mEq/L
Sodium ..................... 135 - 145 mEq/L

Hematology:
Hemoglobin ............... Female: 11.8 - 17.5 g/dl; Male: 14.0 - 18.3 g/dl
Hematocrit ................. Female: 0.37 - 0.47 (37 - 47%); Male: 0.40 - 0.54 (40 - 54%)
Erythrocytes ................ Female: 4.3 - 5.5 million per mm3; Male: 4.5 - 6.0 million per mm3
Mean Corpuscular Diameter .............. 7.5 +/-0.3 microns
Reticulocytes .................... 0.5 - 2.0% of the erythrocytes
pH (venous) ................. 7.32 - 7.42
Blood Volume ............... 60 - 80 ml/kg
Plasma Volume ............. 36 - 48 ml/kg
Bleeding Time (Duke) ................. 1 - 3 minutes
Circulation Time (Ivy) ................ 1 - 5 minutes
Clot Retraction Time ............... begins in 30-60 minutes; complete in <24 hrs.
Prothrombin Time (Quick) ..................... 11 - 16 sec.
Sedimentation Rate (Wintrobe)................. Female: 0 - 20 mm/hr.; Men: 0 - 9 mm/hr.


Abbreviations: U = unit, mEq. = milliequivalent


For Diagnostic Tests in CO Poisoning


...... last changed 09/09/01



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