Cardiac Performance, Dr. D. Penney




Figure 2.10. Range of ejection fractions. The normal range may extend to 0.82 or 0.84.
Values below 0.15 are usually incompatible with life.

Note: The heart wall may be said to display normal kinesis, hypokinesis, hyperkinesis, akinesis (no motion), dyskinesis (paradoxical wall motion).





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