Developmental Pathophysiology, Develop. Physiol., Dr. D. Penney

Table 4.05. Congenital circulatory defects. See Time of Occurrence of Malformations, A. & B.

Incomplete closure of fetal structures:
atrial septal defect - w/wo pulmonary hypertension; RV enlargement
patent ductus arteriosus - narrow/wide
patent ductus venosus

Malformations of septation:
ventricular septal defect - narrow/wide; with/without tricuspid valve involvement

Malformations of great vessels:
aortic coarctation
truncus arteriosus
dextrocardia - w/wo transposition of great vessels
anamolous communications of coronary vessels

Malformations of valves:
pulmonary stenosis
tricuspid valve atresia
mitral valve atresia
pulmonary valve atresia

Combinations of defects:
Tetralogy of Fallot

Other Classification

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