History of Cardiovascular Physiology, Dr. D. Penney

Hippocrates and Galen:

Four Humours (ascribed to Hippocrates)
  • Blood
  • Yellow bile - found in the gall bladder
  • Black bile - found in the spleen
  • Phlegm - found in the pituitary
  • Three Spirits (added by Galen)
  • 'Natural spirit' of the liver
  • 'Vital spirit' of the heart
  • 'Animal spirit' of the brain

  • Right: Galen

    Return to Page 2

    Return to Index