1. To understand the underpinnings of modern cardiovascular physiology in terms of the discovery and development during the past several millenia of ideas of how the heart and blood vessels work.
2. To recognize the major contributors to our present understanding of cardiovascular physiology.
3. To be able to recount on request the development of ideas of cardiovascular functioning and name the major contributors to this field of knowledge.
4. To incorporate such knowledge into your mindset in your future participation in cardiovascular physiology.
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